 schedule 1 year remove_red_eye 2373
9th CBSE  Regular Batch
One of the most important years in every CBSE student’s life is 9th CBSE. The students have to be well organized, determined and they must get expert’s guidance to score his best in the Class 9 Board Examinations.
 This is the yearlong course which covers all major subjects
 India’s best faculties are involved in every subject.
 Subjective papers with evaluation will make every student successful.
 Top quality visuals are used for concept building and subject mastery.
How the course is shaped.
 Live Interactive Classes
 Subjective and objective tests
 Periodic doubt clearing
 ParentsTeacher meetings
 Study material in hard copies.
 Support till exam
 Daily practice assignments (DPA)
Assignment and homework help students with their studies. It also helps in getting the preparation done for exams. Our teachers flash the assignments before the lecture starts so that students remain focused throughout the class.

Daily practice assignments (DPA) are provided on student’s dashboard

Solutions are uploaded on the dash board in three days.

It helps our students remain exam focused.
At Tutoratti, we have multiple test types
 Chapter tests
 Cumulative tests
 Semi Prelims
 Full Prelims
Every paper is evaluated by experts and all the checked papers can be accessed easily on the student’s dashboard. And yes, model answers are also provided.
Why tests are such an important element of our courses?
 Practice tests give ideas about which topics mastered and motivates them to focus on weak areas.
 Practice test is a feed back to our teachers.
 Practice tests stimulate revision and studying and it improves retention.
 Practice tests reduces test anxiety.
 Writing practice tests improves learning as well as final exam outcome.
Mathematics keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS
 Chapter 1  REAL NUMBERS
 Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, and rational numbers on the number line. Representation of terminating / nonterminating recurring decimals onthe number line through successive magnification. Rational numbers as recurring/ terminating decimals. Operations on real numbers.
 Examples of nonrecurring/nonterminating decimals. Existence of nonrational numbers (irrational numbers) such as, and their representation on the number line. Explaining that every real number is represented by a unique point on the number line and conversely, viz. every point on the number line represents a unique real number.
 Definition of nth root of a real number.
 Rationalization (with precise meaning) of real numbers of the type and (and their combinations) where x and y are natural number and a and b are integers.
 Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers. Rational exponents with positive real bases (to be done by particular cases, allowing learner to arrive at the general laws.
UNIT II: ALGEBRA
 Chapter 2 POLYNOMIALS
 Definition of a polynomial in one variable, with examples and counter examples.
 Coefficients of a polynomial, terms of a polynomial and zero polynomial.
 Degree of a polynomial. Constant, linear, quadratic and cubic polynomials.
 Monomials, binomials, trinomials. Factors and multiples. Zeros of a polynomial. Motivate and State the Remainder Theorem with examples. Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem.
 Factorization of ax2 + bx + c, a ≠ 0 where a, b and c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem.
 Recall of algebraic expressions and identities. Verification of identities:+ and their use in factorization of polynomials.
 Chapter 3  LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES
 Recall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables.
 Focus on linear equations of the type ax+by+c=0. Explain that a linear equation in two variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real numbers, plotting them and showing that they lie on a line.
 Graph of linear equations in two variables. Examples, problems from real life, including problems on Ratio and Proportion and with algebraic and graphical solutions being done simultaneously.
UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
 Chapter 4  COORDINATE GEOMETRY
 The Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the coordinate plane, notations, plotting points in the plane.
UNIT IV: GEOMETRY
 Chapter 5  INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID'S GEOMETRY (Not for assessment)
 History  Geometry in India and Euclid's geometry. Euclid's method of formalizing observed phenomenon into rigorous Mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions, axioms/postulates and theorems.
 The five postulates of Euclid. Equivalent versions of the fifth postulate. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem, for example: (Axiom) 1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them.
(Theorem) 2. (Prove) Two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.
 Chapter 7 LINES AND ANGLES
 (Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180O and the converse.
 (Prove) If two lines intersect, vertically opposite angles are equal.
 (Motivate) Results on corresponding angles, alternate angles, interior angles when a transversal intersects two parallel lines.
 (Motivate) Lines which are parallel to a given line are parallel.
 (Prove) The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180O.
 (Motivate) If a side of a triangle is produced, the exterior angle so formed is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles.
 Chapter 8  TRIANGLES
 (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle is equal to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).
 (Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is equal to any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).
 (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of the other triangle (SSS Congruence).
 (Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are equal (respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other triangle. (RHS Congruence)
 (Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are equal.
 (Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are equal.
 (Motivate) Triangle inequalities and relation between ‘angle and facing side' inequalities in triangles.
 Chapter 9  QUADRILATERALS
 (Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent triangles.
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and conversely.
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and conversely.
 (Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and equal.
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and conversely.
 (Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to the third side and in half of it and (motivate) its converse.
 Chapter 10  AREA
Review concept of area, recall area of a rectangle.
 (Prove) Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels have equal area.
 (Motivate) Triangles on the same base (or equal bases) and between the same parallels are equal in area.
 Chapter 11  CIRCLES
 Through examples, arrive at definition of circle and related conceptsradius, circumference, diameter, chord, arc, secant, sector, segment, subtended angle.
 (Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its converse.
 (Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and conversely, the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the chord.
 (Motivate) There is one and only one circle passing through three given noncollinear points.
 (Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center (or their respective centers) and conversely.
 (Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any point on the remaining part of the circle.
 (Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
 (Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtends equal angle at two other points lying on the same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.
 (Motivate) The sum of either of the pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° and its converse.
 Chapter 12  CONSTRUCTIONS
 Construction of bisectors of line segments and angles of measure 60o, 90o, 45o etc., equilateral triangles.
 Construction of a triangle given its base, sum/difference of the other two sides and one base angle.
 Construction of a triangle of given perimeter and base angles.
UNIT V: MENSURATION
 Chapter 13  AREAS
 Area of a triangle using Heron's formula (without proof) and its application in finding the area of a quadrilateral.
 Chapter 14  SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES
 Surface areas and volumes of cubes, cuboids, spheres (including hemispheres) and right circular cylinders/cones.
UNIT VI: STATISTICS & PROBABILITY
 Chapter 15  STATISTICS
 Introduction to Statistics: Collection of data, presentation of data — tabular form, ungrouped / grouped, bar graphs, histograms (with varying base lengths), frequency polygons.
 Mean, median and mode of ungrouped data.
 Chapter 16  PROBABILITY
 History, Repeated experiments and observed frequency approach to probability.
 Focus is on empirical probability. (A large amount of time to be devoted to groupand to individual activities to motivate the concept; the experiments to be drawn from real  life situations, and from examples used in the chapter on statistics).
Physics keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
Theme: Moving Things, People and Ideas
Unit III: Motion, Force and Work
 Chapter  Motion:
Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and nonuniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distancetime and velocitytime graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, derivation of equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion.
 Chapter  Force and Newton’s laws :
Force and Motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Action and Reaction forces, Inertia of a body, Inertia and mass, Momentum, Force and Acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of Momentum.
 Chapter  Gravitation:
Gravitation; Universal Law of Gravitation, Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity), Acceleration due to Gravity; Mass and Weight; Free fall.
 Chapter  Floatation:
Thrust and Pressure. Archimedes’ Principle; Buoyancy; Elementary idea of Relative Density.
 Chapter  Work, energy and power:
Work done by a Force, Energy, power; Kinetic and Potential energy; Law of conservation of energy.
 Chapter  Sound:
Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR. Structure of the Human Ear (Auditory aspect only).
Chemistry keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
Theme: Materials
Unit I: MatterNature and Behaviour
 Chapter  Matter:
Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics  shape, volume, density; change of statemelting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation.
 Chapter  Nature of matter:
Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions.
Particle nature and their basic units: Atoms and molecules, Law of constant proportions, Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers.
 Chapter  Structure of atoms:
Electrons, protons and neutrons, valency, chemical formula of common compounds. Isotopes and Isobars.
Biology keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
Theme: The World of the Living
Unit II: Organization in the Living World
 Chapter  Cell  Basic Unit of life :
Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes  basic structure, number.
 Chapter  Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism:
Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (only four types of tissues in animals; Meristematic and Permanent tissues in plants).
 Chapter  Biological Diversity:
Diversity of plants and animalsbasic issues in scientific naming, basis of classification. Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thallophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Nonchordates upto phyla and chordates upto classes).
 Chapter  Health and Diseases:
Health and its failure. Infectious and Noninfectious diseases, their causes and manifestation. Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria and Protozoans) and their prevention; Principles of treatment and prevention. Pulse Polio programmes.
Theme: Natural Resources: Balance in nature
Unit IV: Our Environment
 Chapter: Physical resources:
Air, Water, Soil. Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures; movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India. Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction). Holes in ozone layer and the probable damages.
Biogeo chemical cycles in nature: Water, Oxygen, Carbon and Nitrogen.
Theme: Food (10 Periods)
Unit V: Food Production
 Chapter  Improvement In Food Resources
Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management; Use of fertilizers and manures; Protection from pests and diseases; Organic farming.
English keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
 Background
Traditionally, languagelearning materials beyond the initial stages have been sourced from literature: prose, fiction and poetry. While there is a trend for inclusion of a wider range of contemporary and authentic texts, accessible and culturally appropriate pieces of literature should play a pivotal role at the secondary stage of education. The English class should not be seen as a place merely to read poems and stories in, but an area of activities to develop the learner’s imagination as a major aim of language study, and to equip the learner with communicative skills to perform various language functions through speech and writing.
 Objectives:
Objectives of the course are to enable learners to:
 build greater confidence and proficiency in oral and written communication
 develop the ability and knowledge required in order to engage in independent reflection and inquiry
 use appropriate English to communicate in various social settings
 equip learners with essential language skills to question and to articulate their point of view
 build competence in the different aspects of English
 develop sensitivity to, and appreciation of, other varieties of English, like Indian English, and the culture they reflect
 enable the learner to access knowledge and information through reference skills (consulting a dictionary / thesaurus, library, internet, etc.)
 develop curiosity and creativity through extensive reading
 facilitate selflearning to enable them to become independent learners
 review, organise and edit their own work and work done by peers
 integrate listening and speaking skills in the curriculum.
 give a brief oral description of events / incidents of topical interest
 retell the contents of authentic audio texts (weather reports, public announcements, simple advertisements, short interviews, etc.)
 participate in conversations, discussions, etc., on topics of mutual interest in nonclassroom situations
 narrate a story which has been depicted pictorially or in any other nonverbal mode
 respond, in writing, to business letters, official communications email etc.
 read and identify the main points / significant details of texts like scripts of audiovideo interviews, discussions, debates, etc.
 write without prior preparation on a given topic and be able to defend or explain the stand taken / views expressed in the form of article, speech, or a debate
 write a summary of short lectures on familiar topics by making / taking notes
 write an assessment of different points of views expressed in a discussion / debate
 read poems effectively (with proper rhythm and intonation)
 transcode information from a graph / chart to a description / report and write a dialogue, short story or report
 Language Items
In addition to consolidating the grammatical items practised earlier, the courses at the secondary level seek to reinforce the following explicitly:
 sequence of tenses
 reported speech in extended texts
 modal auxiliaries (those not covered at upper primary)
 nonfinites (infinitives, gerunds, participles)
 conditional clauses
 complex and compound sentences
 phrasal verbs and prepositional phrases
 cohesive devices
 punctuation (semicolon, colon, dash, hyphen, parenthesis or use of brackets and exclamation mark)
 Methods and Techniques
The methodology is based on a multiskill, activitybased, learnercentered approach. Care is taken to fulfill the functional (communicative), literary (aesthetic) and cultural (sociological) needs of the learner. In this situation, the teacher is the facilitator of learning, She/he presents language items, contrives situations which motivates the child to use English for the purposes of communication and expression. Auraloral teaching and testing is an integral feature of the teachinglearning process. The electronic and print media could be used extensively. A few suggested activities are:
 Role play
 Simulating real life situations
 Dramatising and miming
 Problem solving and decision making
 Interpreting information given in tabular form and schedule
 Using newspaper clippings
 Borrowing situations from the world around the learners, from books and from other disciplines
 Using language games, riddles, puzzles and jokes
 Interpreting pictures / sketches / cartoons
 Debating and discussing
 Narrating and discussing stories, anecdotes, etc.
 Reciting poems
 Working in pairs and groups
 Using media inputs  computer, television, video cassettes, tapes, software packages
 Grammar
 Tenses
 Modals
 Subject – verb concord
 Reported speech
 Commands and requests
 Statements
 Questions
 Determiner
 Use of Passive Voice
 Clauses: Noun, Adverb Clauses of condition and time, Relative Clauses
 Prepositions
Economics keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
 Chapter 1  The Story of Village Palampur
 Overview
 Organization of production
 Farming in Palampur
 Nonfarm activities of Palampur
 Chapter 2  People as Resource
 Overview
 Economic activities by men and women
 Quality of Population
 Unemployment
 Chapter 3  Poverty as a Challenge
 Two typical cases of poverty
 Poverty as seen by Social Scientists
 Poverty Estimates
 Vulnerable Groups
 Interstate disparities
 Global Poverty Scenario
 Causes of Poverty
 Antipoverty measures
 The Challenges Ahead
 Chapter 4  Food Security in India
 Overview
 What is Food Security?
 Why Food Security?
 Who are food insecure?
 Food Security in India
 What is Buffer Stock?
 What is the Public Distribution System?
 Current Status of Public Distribution System
Political Science keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
Unit 3: Democratic Politics – I
 Chapter 1  What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
 What is Democracy?
 Features of Democracy
 Why Democracy?
 Broader Meaning of Democracy
 Chapter 2  Constitutional Design
 Democratic Constitution in South Africa
 Why do we need a Constitution?
 Making of the Indian Constitution
 Guiding Values of the Indian Constitution
 Chapter 3  Electoral Politics
 Why Elections?
 What is our System of Elections?
 What makes elections in India democratic?
 Chapter 4  Working of Institutions
 How is the major policy decision taken?
 Parliament
 Political Executive
 Judiciary
 Chapter 5  Democratic Rights
 Life without rights
 Rights in a Democracy
 Rights in the Indian Constitution
 Expanding the scope of rights
Geography keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
 Chapter 1  India
 Size and Location
 India and the World
 India’s Neighbours
 Chapter 2  Physical Features of India
 Major Physiographic Divisions
 Chapter 3  Drainage
 Major rivers and tributaries
 Lakes
 Role of rivers in the economy
 Pollution of rivers
 Chapter 4  Climate
 Concept
 Climatic Controls
 Factors influencing India’s climate
 The Indian Monsoon
 Distribution of Rainfall
 Monsoon as a unifying bond
 Chapter 5  Natural Vegetation and Wild Life
 Factors affecting Vegetation
 Vegetation types
 Wild Life
 Conservation
 Chapter 6  Population
 Size
 Distribution
 Population Growth and Process of Population Change
History keyboard_arrow_down keyboard_arrow_up
Section 1: Events and Processes: (All the three themes are compulsory)
 Chapter 1 The French Revolution
 French Society During the Late Eighteenth Century
 The Outbreak of the Revolution
 France Abolishes Monarchy and Becomes a Republic
 Did Women have a Revolution?
 The Abolition of Slavery
 The Revolution and Everyday Life
 Chapter 2  Iocialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution
 The Age of Social Change
 The Russian Revolution
 The February Revolution in Petrograd
 What Changed after October?
 The Global Influence of the Russian Revolution and the USSR
 Chapter 3  Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
 Birth of the Weimar Republic
 Hitler’s Rise to Power
 The Nazi Worldview
 Youth in Nazi Germany
 Ordinary People and the Crimes Against Humanity
Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies Any one theme of the following
 Chapter 4  Forest Society and Colonialism
 Why Deforestation?
 The Rise of Commercial Forestry
 Rebellion in the Forest
 Forest Transformations in Java
 Chapter 5  Pastoralists in the Modern World
 Pastoral Nomads and their Movements
 Colonial Rule and Pastoral Life
 Pastoralism in Africa
For Class

9th
Subjects Covered

Physics

Chemistry

Mathematics

Biology